Eduardo Chillida was born in San Sebastian, Spain in 1924. He conducted preliminary studies to enroll in architecture at the University of Madrid before turning his attention to drawing, which he studied at Círculo de Bellas Artes in Madrid. In 1948 Chillida was awarded a scholarship to attend the Cité Internationale Universitaire and travelled to Paris. Chillida’s early interest in architecture was to have a lasting impact on his development as an artist, his understanding of spatial relationships and, in particular, his interest in making space visible through a consideration of the forms surrounding it. On his return to Spain in 1951, he began experimenting with materials that resonated with the Basque region’s industrial heritage such as iron, wood and steel. Chillida settled in Hernani with his wife Pilar and, in 1952, he set up an iron foundry, learning techniques from a local blacksmith. During this period he continued to make engravings and collages and this core practice was to continue throughout his career, allowing him to explore form and line by cutting into paper. This technique was superseded in the mid-1980s by a new development, "Gravitaciones" (Gravitations), in which Chillida eliminated the adhesive from his collage, allowing the work to be suspended in space. Chillida died in San Sebastián, Spain in 2002.