Le Corbusier (La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland 1887 - Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France 1965)


Architect. Born 1887 as Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Jura Mountains, in Switzerland. Le Corbusier's first design, Villa Fallet, was completed in 1906. In 1917, he settled in Paris and, shortly after, became one of the co-founders of L’Esprit Nouveau, an avant-garde review. In 1922, he established his architectural studio. Representative works include Villa Savoye, the chapel of Notre Dame du Haut in Ronchamp, the Convent Sainte-Marie de La Tourette, the National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo). He died in 1965 while swimming in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, aged 78.
While often cited together with Frank Lloyd Wright and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe as one of the great master architects of the 20th century, he also produced numerous prints such as the Poem of the Right Angle, a series of lithographs and corresponding poems. With the publication of his Five Points of Architecture and his activity for the International Congresses of Modern Architecture (CIAM), he was a leading theorist of modern architecture. Creating oil painting, sculpture and prints, Le Corbusier’s hand never paused until his tragic accidental death. Please also see Arata Isozaki’s beautiful homage, 12 Houses.

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